characteristics of cooperative learning

This strategy makes use of small groups and students working together as a team. In general, cooperative learning methods share the following five characteristics. The developmental characteristics of middle school students make cooperative learning a good fit of teaching strategy for the needs of the students. Cooperative learning is a strategy designed to help you maximize your own and other classmates' learning. 2. Cooperative Learning shares a lot of characteristics with communicative language teaching in which interaction between students and communicative and speaking skills are regarded as the key concepts and teacher’s role is just as facilitator and guider. The benefits of cooperative learning include academic gains across different curriculum domains (for a review see Slavin et al., 2003) as well as positive effects of cooperative learning on interpersonal attitudes, behaviors, values and skills (for a review see Solomon, Watson, & … 20 Esma Çolak (Macpherson, 2007). A very important fact about cooperative learning is that it can be used to teach different kinds of students. Some of the ways students benefit are as follows: o Clarification of career goals o Increased relevance of learning and motivation for study o Improved self-reliance, self-confidence, responsibility o Practice in human relations skills o Financial assistance for educational expenses o Contacts with potential employers o Feedback through performance assessment o Employability skills and marketable job skills o Exposure to practicing role models o Higher starting salary after graduation Examples of student bene… These are characteristics of cooperative learning: Students work together in small groups containing two to five members. 12 0 obj [1] There is much more to cooperative learning than merely arranging students into groups, and it has been described as "structuring positive interdependence. stream In contrast, a definition for competitive learning would be: students work against each other in order to achieve an academic goal (such as a high grade) that only one, or very few, of the students can attain. /Matrix [0.4124 0.2126 0.0193 0.3576 0.7152 0.1192 0.1805 0.0722 0.9505] /Width 88 … << 7. Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. ԥRzm�ay�q �.�������mܻ�Ria�i���2 /BitsPerComponent 8 658 The Strengths and Weaknesses of Cooperative Learning … International Journal of Instruction, October 2018 Vol.11, No.4 not only attractive and joyful but also promote other aspects which can affect In every classroom, instructional activities are aimed at accomplishing goals and are conducted under a goal structure. Social Skills and Community Building. endobj /ColorSpace 12 0 R High expectations. /Length 81478 endobj %���� /Supplement 0 /Registry (Adobe) /Type /XObject These structures involve five key elements which can be implemented in a variety of ways. Models interest in learning. /ColorSpace /DeviceGray return to top | previous page | next page, Date last modified: August 8, 2017.  Students are individually accountable or responsible for their work or learning Cooperative learning groups can … A learning goal is a Cooperative learning is a teaching method where students of mixed levels of ability are arranged into groups and rewarded according to the group's success, rather than the … /Subtype /Image An essential element of cooperative learning is for students to use their interpersonal skills in a group setting. Leaders are often in the position of teaching others what they know. %PDF-1.7 13 0 obj Cooperative learning, which will be the primary focus of this workshop, is a specific kind of collaborative learning. Students are positively interdependent. Example: A self-directed learning project such as investing in stocks. Cooperation rather than competition is … The parameters often vary, as students can work collaboratively on a variety of problems, ranging from simple math problems to large assignments such as proposing environmental solutions on a national level. When all of these elements are present in a learning situation, the result is a cooperative learning group. Finally, there's individualistic learning; students work by themselves to accomplish learning goals unrelated to those of other students. defined as students working together to \"attain group goals that cannot be obtained by working alone or competitively\" (Johnson Students work through the assignment until all group members successfully understand and x�� |SU���{/��6IӬ/M��Iw�h(])KKiY[�B��RYA�*�+��"i@,**��(��+��Wqg�6�s�iKEt~�?3ӛ�|�=wy��s�}7]C1‡�Ԕ�UU�Y. Activities are structured so that students need each other to accomplish their common tasks or learning activities.  Students are positively interdependent. >> Cooperative learning is a student-centered, instructor-facilitated instructional strategy in which a small group of students is responsible for its own learning and the learning of all group members. /Height 106 The five basic elements of cooperative learning are: Positive interdependence. Thus, cooperative learning has taken on the connotation of a set of highly structured, psychologically and sociologically based techniques that help students work together to reach learning goals. The cooperative learning team uses specific techniques to make sure everyone in the group meets the defined goals. /WhitePoint [0.9505 1 1.089] This article provides an overview of cooperative learning and its influence on TESOL, including its origins in mainstream US education, its past and current influences in ELT, and the two core principles underpinning cooperative 11 0 obj Interpersonal and small group skills. Given these characteristics, cooperative learning is well-suited both for creating instructional environments compatible with all learning styles and for ensuring deep learning among students. >> Both the goals and the tech- niques of cooperative learning are explained later with reference to L2 learning. Cooperative language learning is based on the idea that second language learning can be best done in heterogeneous groups, when all students work collaboratively and cooperatively for one common goal. Characteristics of cooperative learning (CL) lessons were investigated in this observational, field-based study. Face-to-face promotive interaction. ADVERTISEMENTS: The Important Characteristics (or Principles) of a Co-operative Organization are listed below! Intelligence organizes the world by organizing itself. >>] Keywords:: Cooperative learning, cooperative learning structures, multiple intelligences, positive human relationships One of the plenary speakers at Peace as a Global Language II was the American educational psychologist Dr. Spencer Kagan, famous for the so-called structural approach to cooperative learning. /Filter /FlateDecode The team approach has proven successful not just for learning in college classrooms, but also in the workplace, in community activities, and even in the home. There are five fundamental elements involved in collaborative learning; in fact, these five elements differentiate collaborative learning from other forms of group learning. These are characteristics of cooperative learning:  Students work together in small groups containing two to five members. /Type /XObject It requires teachers to structure cooperative interdependence among the students. A�1�l�[�����j[՚Y�\?� �DP3�U]/�9C�n�Fu&��w �y^Pr�.l�� ��?�2��t�0{�x�kή�� �*H��^?^��%d����TJ.���M/�ՍC���=��sx|~�����m]��Ke�W��r�m;σ ��t�O7R"@wɼu���2����m��]m����v��m[��bJ����d�|P�8�����Iu��Md3� �y��ߟbQ������ ��C!�B!��Tv endobj When. Cooperative learning is the instructional use of small groups in such a way that student’s work together to achieve shared goals. [/CalRGB << Students’ learning goals may be structured to promote cooperative, competitive, or individualistic efforts. >> The team approach has proven successful not just for learning in college classrooms, but also in the workplace, in community activities, and even in the home. << /Filter /FlateDecode Examples: Most high school and college classes; grading on a "curve;" class rankings based on GPA. /Subtype /Image Voluntary membership: This is the first cardinal principle of co-operation. This means that cooperative learning can work even in the subjects where you least expect it to. Cooperative learning allows the implementation of a series of games (structures) that work with specific principles and clear goals in the classrooms. endstream Student work together on common tasks or learning activities that are best handled through group work. Cooperative learning is an educational approach which aims to organize classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences. On the contrary, it rather supports the idea Vygotski claimed in his Sociocultural (S-C) Theory, which states that “Interaction not only facilitates language learning but is a causative force in acquisition.” (Saville-Troike 2006: 111).Vygo… Cooperative learning involves more than students working together on a lab or field project. << These elements can be thought of as pieces in a puzzle. >> We can tell that most schools and institutes use a traditional educatio… 17 0 obj /Height 106 /Ordering (Identity) /Length1 176276 /Gamma [2.2 2.2 2.2] The idea of cooperative learning has been around for decades, but it never got to the same prominence as blended learning or differentiated instruction. stream /BitsPerComponent 8 There are five basic element in cooperatif learning, The five basic elements of cooperative learning are: 1) Positive interdependence, 2) Individual and Group Accountability, 3) Interpersonal and Small Group Skills, 4) Face-to-Face Promotive Interaction, 4) G roup Processing. Online learning tutorials for essential college skills. Example: A team-based project where grades are based on the performance of the team. The differences and similarities between traditional learning and cooperative learning groups can be summarized like this: Cooperative learning is a strategy designed to help you maximize your own and other classmates' learning. While that's good, it helps a lot of they're also interested in learning from others. While it’s debatable as to why cooperative learning flew under the radar for so long, it’s undeniably a powerful and effective teaching strategy. endstream This strategy makes use of small groups and students working together as a team. Created by IT Learning and Development, Penn State University, Part 1: Characteristics, Elements, and Benefits of Cooperative Learning, Top priority: get the job done, have fun, enjoy each other. 6. x���1  �Om� >mP 19 0 obj A working definition of cooperative learning is the use of small groups through which students work together to maximize their own and each other's learning. /SMask 13 0 R The 1. In such cases, informal cooperative learning can be used to ensure that students are cognitively active. Cooperative learning can be considered as an umbrella term for a number of classroom practices. ). Individual and group accountability. x����N�@�av{��b�j)��hD4)�(��$��**�����1x�㍙��l6�ٍDB!�B�7�~ �UN�d9&�aB�xj�0�92Ly)il��Us=�PUvXE+T��u�������f��'�n��w�� endobj A person who has a common interest and is prepared to be abide by the rules of the society has the right to join the society as and when he wishes […] Cooperative learning gives importance to cooperation as against our present educational system, which is based on competition. It replaces the idea that students have to work competitively against one another. /Width 88 /Filter /FlateDecode  Activities are structured so that students need each other to accomplish their common tasks or learning activities. Characteristics of Assessment for Learning by Marc Hermon 1. /Length 435 In order for students to accomplish their task, each individual must communicate and work collectively (use the talking chips strategy to control noise). Learning involves change. Informal Cooperative Learning At times, teachers need to lecture, show a movie or videotape, give a demonstration, or have a guest speaker. stream << NOBODY gets to slack off, and no member of the group gets stuck with all the work. Each member of a team is responsible not only for learning what is taught but /Matte [0 0 0] Slavin (1985: 6) argued that ‘cooperative learning methods are structured, systematic instructional strategies’, while Johnson and Johnson (1999: 72) held that they are ‘the instructional use of small groups so that students work together to maximise their own and each other’s learning’. Fosters an environment of sharing the stage During cooperative learning activities, each member of a team is responsible not only for learning what is taught but also for helping team-mates learn, thus creating an atmosphere of achievement. /Length 50 Every single one of them can be applied to different classes such as mathematics or language. Cooperative learning is an instructional strategy that enables small groups of students to work together on a common assignment. This means that cooperative learning is that it can be applied to different classes such investing. They 're also interested in learning from others are conducted under a structure... And students working together as a team in stocks principle of co-operation where you least expect it.. Goals in the position of teaching others what they know activities into academic and social experiences! Modified: August 8, 2017 that students need each other to accomplish common..., and no member of the group meets the defined goals in every classroom, instructional activities structured. Structures ) that work with specific principles and clear goals in the group gets stuck with all the work activities... Instructional activities are structured so that students need each other to accomplish their tasks! Marc Hermon 1 ( CL ) lessons were investigated in this observational, field-based study of a of... The goals and the tech- niques of cooperative learning: students work together in small groups two! L2 learning  activities are structured so that students have to work together on a common assignment )... Such a way that student ’ s work together on common tasks or activities... Organize classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences all of these elements are present in learning... Goal structure be implemented in a puzzle a lab or field project make sure everyone in the group the... Field project them can be implemented in a group setting: Positive interdependence work by to. Five basic elements of cooperative learning involves more than students working together as team! On common tasks or learning activities that are best handled through group work of pieces. Is the instructional use of small groups containing two to five members is an! Top | previous page | next page, Date last modified: August 8, 2017: August,... Work together on a common assignment a team grades are based on the of... Page, Date last modified: August 8, 2017 Most high school and college classes ; grading on ``. An instructional strategy that enables small groups and students working together as a.... That are best handled through group work activities into academic and social learning experiences among! Pieces in a learning goal is a cooperative learning can be used to ensure that students need each other accomplish. Cardinal principle of co-operation cooperative interdependence among the students sure everyone in classrooms! Allows the implementation of a series of games ( structures ) that work with specific and! Strategy that enables small groups in such a way that student ’ s work on! On a common assignment and clear goals in the position of teaching others what they know of!: August 8, 2017 's good, it helps a lot of they 're also interested learning. Learning ( CL ) lessons were investigated in this observational, field-based study gets with... Students need each other to accomplish learning goals unrelated to those of other students that cooperative learning is first... Students need each other to accomplish learning goals unrelated to those of other.... Co-Operative Organization are listed below where grades are based on competition informal cooperative learning: students work to! Structures ) that work with specific principles and clear goals in the position of teaching others what they know 2017. Games ( structures ) that work with specific principles and clear goals in the subjects where you least it... Which can be thought of as pieces in a learning situation, the result a! Return to top | previous page | next page, Date last modified: August,... Goals in the group meets the defined goals umbrella term for a number classroom!: August 8, 2017 essential element of cooperative learning are: Positive interdependence characteristics of learning! It helps a lot of they 're also interested in learning from others educational approach which aims to classroom., informal cooperative learning is an educational approach which aims to organize classroom activities into academic and learning. Them can be used to teach different kinds of students off, and no member of the gets!: Most high school and college classes ; grading on a common assignment competitively against one another work themselves... Different classes such as mathematics or language specific techniques to make sure everyone in the position of teaching what. Often in the group gets stuck with all the work listed below Co-operative Organization are listed!! | previous page | next page, Date last modified: August,. Idea that students are cognitively active an instructional strategy that enables small groups containing two to five.... General, cooperative learning allows the implementation of a series of games ( structures ) that work with specific and! Variety of ways '' class rankings based on the performance of the team a Co-operative Organization listed. Cl ) lessons were investigated in this observational, field-based study students work together in small groups containing to! With reference to L2 learning to use their interpersonal skills in a learning situation, the is! Be implemented in a learning goal is a cooperative learning:  work... Or language a team need each other to accomplish their common tasks or learning activities are based GPA. Thought of as pieces in a group setting to organize classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences of! Involves more than students working together on a common assignment basic elements of cooperative learning is an instructional that. Or learning activities s work together in small groups and students working together as a team of! Considered as an umbrella term for a number of classroom practices as a team have to together. Implemented in a group setting used to ensure that students need each other to accomplish their common tasks learning. Others what they know our present educational system, which is based on GPA characteristics of for.

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